Whom the world lost in 2018: outstanding politicians, scientists, artists

2018 was the last for many people who was a symbol of the era in world politics, culture, science, cinema or sport. Their contribution will be evaluated more than one generation. Each of them left their mark on the earth and in the hearts of millions of people.

Journalists 24 channel has brought disappointing results of the year and collected the names of iconic figures the world has lost in 2018.

Policy
Levko Lukyanenko

The evening of July 7 died Ukrainian dissident, political and social activist, former political prisoner Levko Lukyanenko. He died of a stroke in a hospital in Kiev, did not live six weeks before his 90th birthday.

Farewell to the father of independence of Ukraine took place on 10 July in Kiev in the House of Government and Vladimir Cathedral, and was buried at Baikove cemetery. To spend the last journey of a dissident came thousands of Ukrainians, among them the first persons of the state Petro Poroshenko Volodymyr Groysman, Andriy Parubiy.

Levko Lukyanenko has left a significant mark in the history of Ukraine. He led the underground struggle for the independence of Ukraine from the 50-ies. For anti-Soviet activities in may 1961 the Lviv regional court sentenced Lukyanenko to death, but after 72 days, the high Court commuted the execution of 15 years of imprisonment. In General, he’s 27 years spent in Soviet prisons.


Levko Lukyanenko

Levko G. is the author of the Declaration of independence of Ukraine and one of the founders of the Ukrainian Helsinki group. In addition, he was a people’s Deputy of four convocations of the Verkhovna Rada, the first Ambassador extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine to Canada, and chaired the Commission on pardons under President Viktor Yushchenko.

In 2005, Levko Lukyanenko was awarded the title of Hero of Ukraine, and in 2016 he became the laureate of National prize named after Taras Shevchenko.

John McCain

On August 25 at the age of 81 died of a legendary American politician, Senator and a great friend of Ukraine John McCain. The day before, his family reported that a Republican has decided to stop treatment for brain cancer that he was diagnosed with in July 2017.

1 September took place the farewell ceremony with McCain at the Washington Cathedral. To remember the Senator came thousands of Americans. At the ceremony were U.S. presidents bill Clinton, George Bush and Barack Obama, but the biggest enemy of the Republican – the current leader of the USA, Donald trump was not invited. In addition to U.S. and world leaders, in parting with the Senator arrived the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko, foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin, and the mayor of Kiev Vitali Klitschko.


John McCain

Buried Republican September 2 at the cemetery of the Military-the U.S. naval Academy in Annapolis.

John McCain was a Senator six times, and in 2008 he was nominated as a presidential candidate from the Republican party. In his youth he was a pilot during the war in Vietnam, held in captivity for more than five years. In the U.S. he was one of the fiercest critics of trump.

A U.S. Senator called a true friend of Ukraine. After the Russian aggression in Ukraine, McCain openly and aggressively advocated for the provision of assistance to Ukraine, including lethal weapons. During the Revolution of Dignity in 2013, the Senator visited the Maidan in Kiev.

George Bush Sr.

On the night of November 30 on 95-m to year of life has died the 41st U.S. President George H. W. Bush. He had serious health problems, and several times got to the hospital. In addition, in recent years, George Bush Sr. had suffered from Parkinson’s disease and was forced to move in a wheelchair.

The former U.S. President was buried with military honors in the city College station on the territory of the presidential library in his name at the University of Texas next to his wife Barbara, who died in April of this year, and with their daughter Robin, died of leukemia at the age of three in 1953. In a closed ceremony attended by relatives of the deceased, priests and honor guard accompanied by a military band. This politician said goodbye in Washington: his coffin was on display in the rotunda of the Capitol, which came to thousands of Americans, and then in the Cathedral, where the funeral service was held.


George Bush Sr.

George Bush senior was President from 1989 to 1993. Political career Bush began in 1964 as the representative of the Republican party, he announced his candidacy for the Senate but was defeated. In 1980 Bush decides to run for President, but lost to Ronald Reagan. In 1988, he again announced his candidacy for the post of leader of the United States and won the election. He is the father of 43rd President, Republican George W. Bush, who had held the presidency for 2 consecutive terms – from 2001 to 2009.

Activists and academics
Catherine Gandzyuk

November 4 in one of hospitals of Kiev died, social activist and Advisor to the mayor of Kherson Catherine Gandzyuk, which on July 31 made attack. Then, in Kherson activists poured concentrated sulfuric acid, with the result that she received chemical burns to the body, hands and face.

The official cause of death of the activist – multiple organ failure, and chemical burns with involvement of 39% of the body. 7 Nov Catherine Gandzyuk was buried in Kherson. Law enforcers are investigating this case as “over the murder, committed by group of persons from mercenary promptings with special cruelty and in order.” The four suspects, the court arrested for 60 days without the right to bail. One more released under round-the-clock house arrest with electronic controls.


Catherine Gandzyuk

Activists and journalists said that the intermediary between the organizer and perpetrators of the murder of Catherine Gandzyuk is the assistant Deputy from BPP Nikolay Palamarchuk Igor Pavlovsky. On 12 November he was detained.

The attack and death Gandzyuk has caused outrage of the Ukrainian society, and as a consequence began protests demanding to punish the perpetrators, the masterminds of the attack on her and other activists.

Leonid Kadenyuk

31 Jan 68-m to year of life died first and so far only astronaut of independent Ukraine Leonid Kadenyuk. He became ill while Jogging in the Park of Tsarskoe Selo. The astronaut has a heart attack and died even before arrival of physicians.

Buried Leonid Kadenyuk on baykovoye cemetery in Kiev. To hold the legendary astronaut’s last journey it’s a lot of officials, among them three presidents of Ukraine: Leonid Kuchma, Leonid Kravchuk and Viktor Yushchenko.


Leonid Kadenyuk

Kadenyuk in 1995, selected in the group of astronauts of the National space Agency of Ukraine. On 19 November 1997 he was on a ship, NASA flew in space. The astronaut has a rank the General-the major of Armed forces of Ukraine. For life has written 5 scientific papers, and in 2017, he published the book “Mission – Space”.

Stephen Hawking

World-famous British physicist Stephen Hawking died 14 March 2018 at the age of 76 years. Cause of death was a complication which called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis that diagnosed the scientist in 1963. Then the scientist lost the ability to speak and began to use the speech synthesizer.

Subsequently, a serious illness led to an almost complete paralysis of Hawking. After that, he could move only the index finger of the hand, and then only muscle of the cheek. However, the imperfection of the body and the disease did not prevent him from becoming one of the most famous scientists of our time.


Stephen Hawking

March 31 in Cambridge held a farewell ceremony with the scientist. His ashes were buried in Westminster Abbey near the grave of the scientist Isaac Newton.

Hawking became famous for his studies in astrophysics, in particular, made a huge contribution to the understanding of black holes and the theory of the origin of the world after the Big Bang. Main spheres of activity of the scientist was cosmology and quantum gravity. He occupied the eighth place in the ranking of “100 geniuses of our time”.

The scientist worked as the head of the Centre for theoretical cosmology at Cambridge University. Also Hawking was the author of several popular science books, in particular “a Brief history of time” and “Black holes and young universes”.

Actors and Directors
Marina Poplavskaya

20 Oct in road accident near Kiev killed actress famous Ukrainian comic project “Diesel Show” Marina Poplavskaya. The tragedy occurred when the bus with the artists “Diesel show” has returned to the capital after a speech in Lviv. In addition Poplavskaya, injured several actors of the project.

The star was buried at the Central Alley in his native Zhitomir, and before that it was goodbye in the October Palace in Kiev.


Marina Poplavskaya

Marina Poplavskaya became famous thanks to the beautiful voice and great sense of humor. She created on stage and film a number of interesting female characters. Was an actress programs “Diesel Show”, “three”, “DIZEL morning”, the editor of the Ukrainian Association of KVN and captain of KVN team “Girls from Zhitomir”. Also worked as a teacher of Ukrainian language and literature at school.

2 Dec the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko has awarded Marina Poplavskaya, the order “For merits” III degree posthumously.

Kira Muratova

June 6 has left the life of a talented Ukrainian Director Kira Muratova. The cause of death of 83-year-old artist became a prolonged illness. Buried Director June 8 at new City cemetery in Odessa. The funeral was attended by only the closest people to her – family and friends.

Kira Muratova left behind a great artistic heritage, which includes more than two dozen films. The first film “brief encounters” (1967) and “the Long goodbye” (1971) made her a genuine celebrity. The film “Asthenic syndrome” Muratova in 1990 he received the Grand Prix of the Berlin film festival.


Kira Muratova

She is the only one of all Ukrainian filmmakers, who awarded the Russian independent award “Triumph”. The award was presented in 1995 for his great personal contribution to world culture.

The last works of the Director have become drama “melody for a street organ” and “the Eternal return. Casting.” In 2017 Muratov was invited to the American film Academy, which identifies owners of the award “Oscar”.

Kira Muratova had a clear Pro-Ukrainian position, he supported the Maidan and called for the liberation of the occupied territories.

Musicians
Montserrat Caballé

World famous Spanish Opera singer Montserrat Caballe died on the morning of 6 October in Barcelona’s hospital de Sant Pau. Opera diva was in the hospital since mid-September due to problems with the bladder.

8 Oct 85-year-old singer was buried in Barcelona at the cemetery of Sant Andreu along with her parents.

Montserrat caballé is considered one of the best sopranos of the twentieth century. She is known for her Bel Canto technique and execution roles in the classical Italian operas of Rossini, Bellini and Donizetti.


Montserrat Caballé

However, not only the performances in Opera theatres of the famous Caballe. The star has released a collaborative album “Barcelona” with vocalist “Queen” Freddie mercury. The album was released in 1988. And ten years after that, together with the Swiss rock band Gotthard was recorded the rock ballad “One Life One Soul”.

Dolores O’riordan

15 Jan died vocalist of the popular Irish band The Cranberries, Dolores O’riordan. It is known that the singer drowned in the bathtub of one of the hotel rooms in London. She was in a condition of strong alcoholic intoxication, and before his death was suffering from severe depression. They buried the artist in Ireland.


Dolores O’riordan

The singer gained fame in the 1990-ies in the group The Cranberries. She wrote the words and music to songs of the band, was singer and played many musical instruments. The group released 6 albums, 1 compilation album and various compilations, singles, special editions. Among the most famous songs is “Zombie”, “Linger”, “Animal Instinct”, “Dreams”, “Ode To My Family”.

Also Dolores O’riordan released two solo albums and was a judge of the Irish show “the Voice.”

DJ Avicii

20 April in Oman was found dead one of the most famous DJs and music producers Avicii (real name Tim Берглbнг). On April 27, the family of 28-year-old Swedish musician released a statement in connection with his death, which indirectly says about suicide.

Buried artist as much as 2 months after death – June 10 in his native Stockholm. The farewell ceremony was closed.

2016 Avicii stopped giving live performances because of health problems associated with pancreatitis. He also had a drinking problem. In September 2017, he, along with British singer Rita Ora presented the latest musical video which was shot in Kiev.


Avicii

At the peak of his popularity Avicii was one of the highest paid DJs in the world by Forbes and in different years were included in the rating “the kings of electronic music”, compiled by business publication. In 2012 he was nominated for the award “Grammy” in the category “best dance recording” for the collaboration track with David Guetta “Sunshine”.

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