What authority has the President of Ukraine, or Why the promises of the candidates is populism

In pursuit of voters, politicians promise mountains to turn: to reduce the price of gas, utilities, at the same time to raise the minimum pension to five thousand hryvnia, and salary – up to ten.

Of the Constitution they didn’t forget and want to make changes. However in it outlines the powers of the President.

The first eight presidential candidates unveiled their programs. The most popular promises – to reduce the price of gas for the population. Sergey Kaplin offers – four times. Igor Shevchenko generally promises natural gas and coal at cost. Yulia Tymoshenko, although not yet filed documents to the CEC, but has promised to reduce the price by half.

Advertising Of Yulia Tymoshenko

About half of the promises are not within the competence of the President of Ukraine. That is the impression that half of the promises are promises of the candidates for Prime Minister,
– said the Chairman of the Committee of voters of Ukraine Oleksiy Koshel.

Caplin still promises to reduce the number of deputies to create a new constitutional body – the National Assembly. Bicameral Parliament wants and Vitaly Skotsyk. And Yulia Tymoshenko has devoted a whole forum to talk about his vision of a parliamentary Republic canceroscope type.

“The President can promise that at the legislative level have been taken certain decisions, but can’t promise that these decisions will be taken”, – said the Chairman of the Committee of voters of Ukraine Oleksiy Koshel.

In the fifth section of the Constitution 160 article that has an exhaustive list of the powers of the President of Ukraine. There is only 31 points, one of its main activities – foreign policy.

The Constitution Of Ukraine

The President is the Supreme commander and Chairman of the Board of security and defense, so it may declare total or partial mobilization, martial law or emergency situation.

Martial law or state of emergency approved by the President, but approved by the Verkhovna Rada,
– said the Chairman of the Board of the Centre for political and legal reforms Igor Koliushko.

The President has influence on personnel issues: appoints two Ministers – foreign Affairs and defence, the high command of the APU, half of the Board of the national Bank. It can offer the Verkhovna Rada the candidates for the head of the security Service and the Prosecutor General, however, finally they say the MPs.

The President may submit to Parliament private bills and to submit them as a matter of urgency, sign the Parliament adopted the documents. Only after that they enter into force. If the President disagrees with the people’s representatives, has the right to veto the bill and not to endorse it. At the same time, Parliament can override the veto if the 300 MPs will vote for it. The same number of votes required to amend the Constitution.

But the powers to regulate fares, to increase salaries, pensions and scholarships, to ensure that changes to the Constitution, the President has not.

“Most of these promises it is blatant populism and an attempt to deceive the voters,” – said Igor Koliushko.


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