— If not for the ATO, we could lose Mariupol, partially Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Kherson and Zaporozhye region — says military expert Alexey arestovich, 43 years. — The Russians had a good chance to capture.
April 12 five years have passed since the Russian aggression in the Ukraine. That day in the 2014 Pro-Russian militants seized the town of Slavyansk in the Donetsk region. The next is fired at fighters of anti-terrorist units of the security Service, who were sent to the city. The collision killed the captain of SBU Gennady Bilichenko was the first fallen soldier in the war in the Donbass. In General, the militants seized 500 sq km the territory of both regions.
On the night of 13 April 2014 the acting President Oleksandr Turchynov announced the beginning of the Antiterrorist operation in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions. In the summer, the military began to release the settlements. In August surrounded Donetsk and Lugansk. But to help the terrorists came regular Russian troops. Broke the Ukrainian group under the transfer of Donetsk region. In September 2014 signed the first ceasefire in Minsk. But the fighting continued. A second truce, which formally is still in effect, signed on 12 February 2015. Since then, Ukrainian forces liberated almost 15 thousand square kilometres of territory.
During the war, Ukraine has lost nearly 4 million soldiers and 20 thousand were injured. Militants shot down 10 helicopters, nine airplanes, knocked out fifty tanks and about 150 infantry fighting vehicles. Destroyed nearly 50 artillery pieces, about a thousand cars.
1 April last year, the ATO reformatted in the operation of the United forces, under the command of special staff.
Russian-Ukrainian war lasts for 1830 days. The first world lasted 1567 days.
Over the years we have revived an army of fainting. Stopped the aggression, won a large number of territories, says arestovich.
— Created and ensured the work of the military industry, which began to supply the Armed forces weapons, equipment and gear. Not in the volumes as desired, but our military budget is a lot.
Managed to convince the West of the need to support Ukraine. If you look at 2014-2015, the Germans and the French with cries of “surrender” with us just did not take off shirts and didn’t wash the floor with them in foster of the Kremlin.
We, as a warring country can hold elections. All States that start a war, impose martial law. This is an achievement.
Many say that we could impose martial law before?
We were not ready. All regulations relating to the imposition of martial law, was on the Soviet model. According to them, would have to nationalize the company, to introduce forced labor and curfew. All acts had to remake democratic. Then there are those who would not give much power to the military, to impose martial law in part and in not wasting resources.
How did the anti-terrorist operation on the minds of people?
— People divided into castes. One that fought there and were directly in the combat zone, understands what war is and what its effects are. And second lives as lived, said prices and utility tariffs.
I understand that utility rates for people with a salary of 3 thousand UAH is the problem. But the war — senior suit, conceals all of the problems. If you lose, these problems will be solved by Putin and Kadyrov. I doubt that anyone will like.
People under the influence of propaganda of socio-economic problems I think that war is not the most important in the country. Don’t understand what can be considered due to the fact that war is waged on a separate piece of state. But if it was close, they were digging trenches.
Maybe it’s due to the fact that we are incorrectly led the information policy?
One of the main problems of the President of Petro Poroshenko is a failed strategic communication with its own people. Mediocrity, which remained in the Ministry of information, the resource spent on their own self-presentation. In five years produced only one book, “Information operations of Russia against Ukraine”. Now 82 percent of Ukrainians believe that the problem of the warring countries it is corruption.
What are the biggest losses were suffered by Ukraine?
— People do not realize that the main thing — to win. To tighten the belt, as the British during the Second world war, to suffer. Instead, conduct conversations about the world and not aware of the plans of Putin. And he is fighting against the West, which during the cold war. Our think can be reconciled.
Despite all of the Ukrainian victory on the international front, we still don’t get the help of a weapon that would change the theater of hostilities. Failed to rebuild the system of relations in the Armed forces, to NATO. Where the senior officer is — friend, comrade, to which you can come to for advice.
And if Ukraine is ATO would declare war on Russia?
— Ukraine would be somewhere along the Left Bank of the Dnieper. Because a Declaration of war we give Russia the right to use all the weapons that she has. The ATO has not given Russia the opportunity to use it.
4060 Ukrainian soldiers and volunteers died in the war in 2014. This is referred to in the research project “the Book of the fallen for Ukraine”. The wound got almost 10 thousand people. Missing think 410.
12 800 civilians were killed in Donbas in 2014. Injured 24 thousand people. 2 million people were forced to leave the region, there is a speech in the UN report in February.