The main scientific discoveries 2018
21:59 Mon, 24 Dec 2018 Telegraph UNIAN Photo: pixabay.com science news: the Journal Science named the main scientific discoveries and failures of the year.
One of the most respected scientific journals, Science, published a list of the most breakthrough research 2018. In the ranking of breakthrough scientific discoveries came the study of the development of the cells of the embryos, the approval of drugs to suppress the mutated genes (the drug based on RNAi), DNA extraction from the remains of a woman who lived 50 thousand years ago that proved the crossing of two ancient species of humans – Neanderthals and “denisovans” (“denisovans”). Another discovery was the discovery of a crater with a diameter of 31 km under the ice of Greenland, according to scientists, it could leave meteorite .
Also in the top social research: the disclosure of a series of rapes and murders in California in the 1970-1980-ies genetics helped the police to match evidence from crime scenes with samples of the genealogical DNA databases (GEDMatch). This method helped first calculate relatives of the suspect, and then a serial killer. The culprit was a police officer, Joseph James de Angelo. The list of important studies have got a report on sexual harassment against women in the academic field. The results showed that more than 50% of women professors and University staff, as well as 20-50% of students were victims of sexual harassment, including violence.
The editors of the journal Science also called the main failures of 2018. One of them got a fire that destroyed a 200-year-old Museum in Brazil, the situation with global warming, as well as the statement of a Chinese scholar about editing the genome, making twins that are resistant to HIV infection, has caused controversy in the academic environment.
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