2018 inflation, including the consumer, was lower than in previous years. So, in 2015, it was 43%. The results of this year will see about 10%, said Gazeta.ua Director of the Association of trade networks suppliers Oleksiy Doroshenko.
In the beginning of the year the rise in price of any products predicted? And true are these projections?
Said that leaders rise in price will be 3 groups of foods – vegetables, bread and meat. The predictions came true. During the year the vegetables have broken all price records. In the middle of the season Ukraine has imported them from Kazakhstan, Croatia, Serbia, Belarus, Egypt. Purchased even from South Africa. Because prices of domestic traditional vegetables was off the charts. Individual went up by 100 percent.
The bread rose in price mostly cheap – social. There were months when value has grown by 2-3 percent, and bread from flour, by contrast, sold cheaper. Separately, you can select fat. Imports from Germany and Poland brought down the price in the domestic market. So fat till September became cheaper. October kilogram increased by 2 rate. At the same time of 2018 was fat more available for Ukrainians than last year. Then the price went up 2.5 times.
Director of the Association of retail suppliers Oleksiy Doroshenko: “the Leaders of reduction in price during the year was buckwheat and sugar. Also, falling prices for chicken eggs. Other products are actually only more expensive”.
What vegetables price rose the most?
The leaders were onions and carrots. For carrots, the price was sky-high in June. Then it was bought by the piece as bananas. Pounds cost 35 hryvnia. Despite the fact that in Europe there was also a shortage of these root vegetables, there’s carrots cost 20 percent cheaper. This is due to the competition of markets, shops, trading networks. Significantly more expensive bow. Last year, per kilogram paid 3.5 hryvnia. Now more than 15. Until the end of the year, another 10 percent will add to the price of potatoes. Since the beginning of August it has risen by 15-20 percent. Way is and beets.
Such price jumps are because we don’t know, but in reality, farmers grow vegetables. We do not have data formally and informally sell abroad
Such price jumps are because we don’t know, but in reality, farmers grow vegetables. We do not have data formally and informally sell abroad. Sometimes manufacturers believe that the products there are not a lot and begin to raise the price. The result is a big player enters the market and earns.
During the year, the experts talked about the shortage of grain and the risk of rapid rise bread. At the same time, Ukraine has harvested more than 69 million tons of grain. What is the situation with price of bread?
During the year the price of bread projected grew. Most significantly from September to December. In General, bread rose by 30 percent. Today, the kilo is an average of 18 USD. Depending on region the price varies, but only slightly. In 2019 the bread to go up more longer. We have a price for white at 30 percent higher than abroad. For example, Lithuanians buy bread at 30 percent cheaper poles 10-15 percent.
In Ukraine, the price of bread depends on how much grain collected. After all, the farmer his harvest to sell on the foreign and domestic markets. Previously, to export crops have been more profitable. Now the domestic market price is higher. At the same time, Ukrainians don’t have money to buy more. Today the average salary you can purchase 10 percent less bread than before.
In 2019 the bread to go up more longer. We have a price for white at 30 percent higher than abroad
How has the price of chicken, pork, beef and fat in a year?
Beef and pork during the year rose in price gradually. There was only one month when the price has not changed. Chicken all is quite opaque. First, the price of a few months was kept at the same level. Then jumped 7 percent. Then again there was a pause, after which saw a tangible rise in price. One major player has done so, we have chicken is in fact pork. Nowhere else in the world will not see such a small difference between the cost of pork and chicken. At the same time, the Antimonopoly Committee does not pay attention to it. For example, in Ukraine 2 the largest producers of eggs and meat, get more than 50 government subsidies.
The opposite situation with fat. Last year in the capital, the cheapest cost 100 UAH per kilogram. The average price in Ukraine for one kilogram was $ 120-130 USD. Poland has offered to buy pounds for 25 hryvnia. Therefore, the price of bacon this year was primarily substantiated through competition with foreign producers.
One major player has done so, we have chicken is in fact pork. Nowhere else in the world will not see such a small difference between the cost of pork and chicken
Today, pork is the average of 128 hryvnias for kilogram, beef is about 140 UAH, chicken – 110-115 hryvnia per kilogram. Broiler in November cost from 50 UAH per kilo. Fat around 63-65 hryvnia. In the Ternopil region it was always the cheapest. Now pounds there is 50 hryvnia. In the capital sell from 70 hryvnia per kilogram.
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2017 leaders rise in price were dairy products. This year the milk was slightly decreased pace. What is the reason?
From dairy products most of last year added to the price of milk. Other products actually reached the European level in previous years. Now in Ukraine there is no dairy product is cheaper than in Europe. At the same time, Ukrainian dairy market is interesting for foreign companies. I know that some firms would like to supply us with dairy products with a medium shelf life. If Ukraine creates the conditions for rapid customs clearance of milk as raw material, the price will plummet. Because raw milk can be kept per day. However, on our border can stand much more.
In November, a liter of milk in the national average cost of 23.4 hryvnia. Per kilogram of cheese paid 95,2 hryvnia, sour cream – 55.4 USD. Package of butter (200 grams) was worth 38.3 USD.
If Ukraine creates the conditions for rapid customs clearance of milk as raw material, the price will plummet
Earlier, the wheat cost 10 UAH per kg, now the price has exceeded UAH 20. Why in Ukraine is rapidly becoming more expensive cereal?
If you have no money then you’ll buy cheap products. In 2018, the Ukrainians abruptly moved to cheaper cereals and potatoes. Today pounds past average is 6 hryvnia. Cereals can be bought from 9 hryvnia per kilogram. Cheapest pasta already cost 15 hryvnia per kilogram. In addition, the range of cereals is constantly updated. The most affordable for Ukrainians is barley – 8-10 UAH. For 13 hryvnia to buy a kilogram of corn grits. Buckwheat is 15-16 hryvnia. The leader of the price increase among grains was wheat. Last years it was not popular among Ukrainians, so cost is cheap. When buckwheat has risen in price significantly, people began to buy more millet. From the beginning of 2018 buckwheat was just cheaper. But there was not a single month when the falling price of wheat. Buckwheat has lost its popularity, when it went up to 50-55 USD. Now the price has been reduced, but despite this, buyers will no longer be.
READ ALSO: Ukrainians EN masse for cereals
That Ukraine buys from abroad?
Today we import most of the food. In particular, bacon, pork, beef, vegetables. There are problems with the products with low shelf life. It’s part of the milk and bakery products. Before Hungary was considered quite an expensive country. Today we are able to bring out food, and various household goods. Because are cheaper than us. We will import to Europe only cigarettes.
Before Hungary was considered quite an expensive country. Today we are able to bring out food, and various household goods. Because are cheaper than us
Were the products that were cheaper for 2018?
Leaders reduce the cost during the year was buckwheat and sugar. Also, falling prices for chicken eggs. Other products are actually only more expensive.
How has the purchasing power of the Ukrainians? Because the minimum salary increased to 3723 UAH. In October, the average salary amounted to UAH 9218. Since December 1, increased pensions.
The government constantly repeats that the real wages since the beginning of the year increased by 15 percent. That is, the Ukrainians can afford to buy 15 percent more products. At the same time, we have problems with inflation. If a Ukrainian living on the average wage, food spends about 50 percent of income. YTD saw that some products have risen by 100 percent. To see the real purchasing power, it is necessary to consider certain dishes. Where the mix of several products. For example, take the salad “Olivier”. Compared to last year to it the purchasing power fell by 27 percent. Dumplings or roast meat for the year rose by 18-22 percent.
To see the real purchasing power, it is necessary to consider certain dishes. Where the mix of several products
This year, Ukrainians could less afford meat, vegetables, bread. Affordable steel apples, buckwheat. The average salary is more than 9 thousand hryvnias. But it’s more about capital. In the regions of the work at the level of 6,5-7 thousand.
What is the average spend during a trip to the store?
For several years the trading network do not provide the data on average receipts. The amounts are so small that they don’t even want to call those numbers. For example, sometimes the average check in the store was a few tens of hryvnia. The Ukrainians themselves do not consider how much you spend in the store. And so they see that buying much less product for the same money as before. Sociological studies showed that 8 percent of people in the last 5 years did not buy anything, except food.
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What are the forecasts for the next year?
The budget 2019 is tough. Usually on election year always involve high costs. This year we see a lot of promises, but little money. Therefore, 2019 will not be the best. However, inflation will be restrained a bit. This is because most goods and products are already cost as much as abroad. Next year the leaders will rise in price of cereals. True some will be cheaper. This is, for example, with millet. Will go up semolina, barley and corn grits. A little more expensive bread. First of all, black. White’s nowhere to grow. Add dairy products with a short shelf life – milk, curd cheeses. This is due to the fact that in Ukraine there is a shortage of milk.
Sociological studies showed that 8 percent of people in the last 5 years did not buy anything, except food
In Ukraine will soon earn the new rules for the labelling of products. What will change?
In fact it is European law that decided to borrow the Ukrainian government. The question is that in Europe the state controls what takes. We have Derepressible with an order. To begin to really produce a quality product, should be carried out annually at least 5-7 thousand test purchases and laboratory examinations. In the small countries of Europe they spend tens of thousands. Therefore, from the point of view of legislation we are going to Europeans. However, it is better to live will not. Because without state control the European rules in Ukraine do not work. Today every second item is counterfeit. At best, it was brought without paying taxes, in the worst case the composition does not match specified on the package.
The main reason why we eat more poor quality food – it’s poverty. When I was richer and could buy expensive and best products
In 2005-2007, the producers were arguing over who produces the best product. Buyers offer great packaging, best quality. Now seeing manufacturers compete with each other for who sell worse. The main reason why we eat more poor quality food – it’s poverty. When I was richer and could buy expensive and better products. Now buy cheap.