photo: AGN “Moscow”
Initially, the Tatiana’s day was exclusively Christian, and folk-Christian holiday, which was celebrated on the memory of an early Christian Martyr Tatiana of Rome, suffered in Rome of III century under the Emperor Alexander Severus. It was celebrated on January 12 on the Julian calendar, which corresponds to 25 January in the Gregorian calendar. According to one version, Chamberlain Ivan Shuvalov submitted to the Empress Elizabeth Petrovna a petition for the establishment of the Moscow University on the Day of St. Tatiana, as his mother bore that name, and the date picker was to become for her a kind of gift. In 1755, Empress Elizabeth Petrovna has signed the decree, and later Tatiana Roman was considered the patroness of Moscow state University and all students.
However, for a long time Tatyana’s day is celebrated every year, but initially it was regarded as the birthday of the University, and only over time acquired a broader meaning. In the early nineteenth century, students in Russia is growing, along with the popularity of the holiday grew and began to surround all of the new tradition . In one wing of the old building of the University was established the house Church of the Holy Martyr Barbara, thus making her the patroness of the students even more “officially”. This Church, built in the late XVIII century, burned down during the fire of 1812 and was revived in 1837. In Tatiana’s day the Church was dedicated even some students, in General indifferent to religion. Moleben Saint Tatiana, and rewarded the most successful students in the University building was considered the “official” part of the holiday, unofficial — celebrations in which students participated along with faculty and student joint performance of the anthem in Latin under the name of Gaudeamus (gaudeamus — let us rejoice). The Frenchman Lucien Olivier, the owner of Hermitage, in the day of the festival gave students and professors the restaurant.
After the October revolution, the interest in the festival has considerably decreased, and increased again only in 1995, when the private 10 Aug 1918 Church in honor of the Martyr Tatiana was opened again. Since 2005, the 25 day of January in Russia officially celebrated as the “Day of Russian students”. Traditionally, this day is timed to the end of the examination session of the first semester and the beginning of the winter student holidays.
On Tatiana’s day today, connected a few signs. Perhaps the most famous of them — you stick out your hand to the gradebook window and shouting, “Ball, come” (or “Freebies come”) — students often do it the night before the exam, but some consider it a good omen and Tatiana’s day. The ball — somewhat dated synonym to the more modern word “free” also means free or impunity to any benefit. More often it is not used in the nominative case, but as part of the expression “to get on the ball”, that is to receive the gift.
Also some sources claim that the 25 January, St. Tatiana’s day on the last page of the record book students draw a small house with a chimney. It is believed that the longer the smoke, the easier it will be to study student throughout the year.
January 25 is celebrated as the main student holiday, first and foremost, in Russia. International students ‘ day, also known as the day of international solidarity of students, celebrated November 17. On this day in 1939, in Nazi-occupied Czech Republic Prague students and their teachers staged a demonstration to mark the anniversary of the founding of the Czechoslovak state. The troops of invaders dispersed demonstration, was shot by a student of medical faculty Jan Opletal, whose funeral turned into a protest. Subsequently, many students were arrested and some executed in the prison. In 1942, at a meeting held in London an International meeting of students who fought against Nazism, it was decided in memory of the dead every year to celebrate November 17 as a Day student.
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