Super – and hypermarkets tons of throw away products that are still perfectly good for consumption. Photo: Sigurdas3
The answer to this question is looking for scientists, politicians of different countries. One of the obvious solutions — to minimize food losses. It is now about the food, which for various reasons are thrown out, not having to lose their nutritional properties. So, according to the UN, in the trash annually sent huge amounts of food, still usable: 30% cereals; 40-50% fruits and vegetables 20% oilseeds, meat and dairy products; 35% of the fish. The scale of losses are, experts warn that if not minimize them now, in the not too distant future — just 30 years later — the food can go into the category of luxury.
Bread for garbage
Having impressed the world by statistics of grocery losses, the correspondent of “MK” suggested friends to conduct an experiment to find out how much food each of us goes in the trash. The composition of families is different for everyone. One lives with her husband, another with parents, and the third with a cat. A week later we met again, so to speak, to assess the scale of the disaster. The results were amazing. The girl, who lives alone, during the day, threw about 2.5 kg of food: expired cheese, boiled fish that is prepared a few days ahead, but don’t have time to eat, stale bread, sour milk. Her married friend in turn sent to the garbage half-eaten for tea with friends cake, one pound of vegetables and fruit. A total of about 2 kg during the day. The mother of the third girl preparing for the whole family with a reserve, for a week to forget on the stove. As a result, the stew didn’t finish, the salad didn’t touch. Our total estimates showed that the food losses of the families of three friends for the week amounted to about 20 lbs. And it happens on a regular basis — from day to day, from month to month, from year to year.
The situation is absolutely typical and familiar to everyone. Want to have Breakfast, but no bread. Road work is through the store. Come with a fresh loaf home and see what you said first: the bread is already bought by another member of the family. Or this: plan the dinners ahead, made a menu, bought all the necessary products, but plans changed. Monday after work, you are invited to visit on Tuesday you went in a cafe, on Wednesday staged a fasting day. Some time later, open the refrigerator and throw away everything that is already stale. Another example: my mother cooked soup for the week ahead, and the children were not eating it. What are the contents of the pan? That’s right: in the toilet! And it is ordinary families with average incomes. What can we say about the wealthy.
Note that the modern trade, especially the network also contributes to the formation of waste. Many Housewives complain that ten years ago in a bread tent, you could buy half or a quarter tin. In other words, as much as was really needed. The product is not callous missing. Now in supermarkets halves in bread departments almost never occur — if you take the loaf whole. Budget product is sold only in full-length, which sometimes exceeds the appetite of buyers. And all that is presented on the grain shelves, so to speak, in miniature, often with the label “whole grain”, “wheat flour” and “diet” is more expensive.
Still, the problem of throwing food is typical not only for each individual unit of society, but also for grocery stores, primarily from the category of “super” and “Hyper” — willingly sending to the scrap products that do not have time to implement. Only here it’s not about the kilograms, and tonnes of edible product.
A group of bloggers have posted recently on the channel in the Network report from one of the food warehouse that serves two networks of large supermarkets. It clearly demonstrated the technology as every day is discarded in a landfill a lot of food still fit for consumption.
In that warehouse is a different kind of product that is completed and sent to the shops. And the stores in turn send back empty containers and expired products. Bring them frozen in small containers. Warehouse workers all of this is weighed and placed in the refrigerator. A list of what rests in these containers are quite varied: meat and its derivatives, dairy products, fish, bakery and confectionery products, canned food, frozen dumplings, berries, pizza. At the time of arrival of food at the warehouse, the period of delay is a maximum of 1-2 days, and sometimes there are products that even formally has not yet expired. Comes to the fact that the packaging of eggs go to waste just because of the fact that one egg is cracked. The shop simply not profitable to hire an employee who will sort the product, separating the fit from unfit. It is easier to throw away the whole box. First sellers get rid of the meat, followed by milk: yoghurt, curd, glazed cheese.
Further, the food stored in the warehouse refrigerators is collected and dumped into a large truck, which takes her to the dump. On average the car gets 80 containers and the total weight of the food is up to 5 tons. Loading is carried out every two days. It turns out that for a month discharged 75 tons of food, despite the fact that about 75% of the content of the truck is usable and is not harmful to health, as, again, the warehouses, the products arrive frozen and often not yet expired. It should be noted that many products have so-called “margin of safety”: they do not deteriorate immediately upon the expiration of your warranty. But to take something of these goods is impossible, as it is the property of the company. You wonder: throwing products in the trash near the outlets, store employees specially spoil the product: pour the milk, beaten eggs, open the canned food to, God forbid, no one profited “waste” without paying.
The scope of “waste” craft everyone can appreciate yourself: one hypermarket large retail chains only for a day can waste up to 200 kg of bananas and peaches, up to 200-300 kg of vegetables and up to 20 loaves of bread, 15 bottles of milk.
Saving food in the hands of consumers
At the end of last year, the portal Rabota.ru published a study devoted to the expenses of Russians on products. The results are disappointing: 28% of respondents spend on food more than half of your monthly income, 61% of respondents save in the first place on the fish and seafood 53% prefer not to spend money on pastries, and 47% not enough money for meat. Overall, 91% of Russians admitted that ever skimp on the products. The remaining 9%, I think, such problems do not know. Which once again testifies that in Russia the distribution of food resources is uneven and even unfair. While some turn up one’s nose from ugly, in their opinion, food, others collect every last Nickel of bread.
“The main challenge is the question of the ability of citizens to consume more efficiently, minimizing your losses,” — said the Chairman of consumers Union of Russia Peter Shelishch.
Note that unlike most developed and developing countries of the world in Russia, in principle, no reliable data on food loss at every stage of the chain from the field to the dumpster. Experts, including the UN, in our country, use only indirect or value judgments. Apparently the Russian authorities do not consider the problem important enough to be seriously engaged in its statistical measurement.
Meanwhile, Russia has committed itself to the UN to reduce agricultural losses and food waste in half. While in this task hard to believe. Mass disposal of products too costly for the Russian Treasury. The remains need to reallocate, not throw it away, saying with its independent experts. Now the bin is one-third of all the food, and then, if nothing is done, it will only get worse. So, we need state legislative decisions — and there is not expected…
While the state is silent, the first steps on the way to reasonable consumption in Russia make public men who saved unrealized grocery stores and restaurants, but fit the product and allocate it to the needy. One of the specialized charity food Fund in 2018 distributed to the needy more than 5.7 thousand tons of food in 60 regions of the country, and the cost of food aid amounted to about 1 billion rubles. Monthly similar support at the charity line is about 150 thousand needy citizens throughout Russia. However, for our country the scope of such activities needs to be much greater, because in need a thousand times more!
The fact that the food charity we have, to put it mildly, not thriving, has a specific economic explanation. This “offering” is subject to income tax, and write off the products as delay no. “When the transfer of goods to charity, the taxpayer is the manufacturer, wholesaler or retailer, additionally pays 20% income tax and 20 or 10% VAT. That is additional tax burden amounts to 40 rubles for every 100 donated to charity,” explained a senior tax Manager PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC) Maxim Kolpakov. Accounting intuitive: for business easier and more profitable “extra” food to throw in the trash than to convey the poor at the charity line.
Many concerned citizens, hoping to minimize food loss will be able in the framework of the state policy begin to fight for the preservation of food. For example, some enthusiasts (and I am not homeless and not poor, but it is a middle class!) moving to a very specific style of food — looking for suitable food in the trash near cafes, restaurants, grocery supermarkets. Such activities dubbed foderingham, or “food Bank”. One of the organisers of foddering, Anna Uspenskaya told that their volunteers take waste products from the outlets, check the suitability of reports on the weight of the “product package”, and then distribute food to those in need.
It is clear that the prospect rummaged in garbage dumps in search of food will seduce a few. But every consumer needs to realize that he needs to play an important role in saving food. And this requires not so much: only regularly requests commensurate with their income, purchases — with the needs for adequate evaluation of which requires certain intellectual and volitional efforts; try to purchase products with the best ratio price/quality and in quantity, does not stimulate their transformation into garbage.
Waste — not a very appetizing subject. But in fact, it is extremely important as the scale of the country and the entire planet. If we want to be sure that future generations — our grandchildren — will be able to feed themselves, humanity somehow have to train yourself not to throw away usable food in the trash.
photo: Ivan Skryplev
According to the results of studies of the United Nations, food losses in industrialized countries are estimated at 1.3 billion tons per year, or more than $700 billion In developed countries, the waste leads to the loss of 30% of the products.
For example, Australia — a member state of one of the most developed countries in the world per year loses about 3.1 million tonnes of edible food. This volume, as noted by the first Secretary of the Embassy of Australia in Moscow Dionne Holpi, equal in weight to the thousands of 17 wide-body passenger aircraft Boeing 747! Thus, according to him, the 3.6 million Australians experience food shortages.
Experts point out that in developed countries up to half of all food produced is lost at the stage of final consumption. We can say that the population of these countries just have nothing better to do. Well-to-do residents own throw away everything that was purchased in surplus and are about to begin to deteriorate, as well as the food that just did not want to eat. In a number of States whose population is engaged in food waste, are prosperous European countries and also the USA.
In countries with a developing economy deteriorates 40% of agricultural products. Unlike developed countries most of the food here is lost in the early stages of the food chain. The reason is the lack of adequate facilities for storing goods and proper logistics. Food spoiled in transit and in warehouses before they reach the consumer. The value of annual losses in developing countries estimated at $300 billion.