Photo: the Best pictures of the Hubble telescope in 2019

In a galaxy far far away…

The Hubble telescope is a joint project of NASA and the European space Agency. For 29 years he is orbiting the Earth, providing scientists with valuable material for research and a pleasing and unusual images all lovers of deep space, writes “Focus”.

Traces of the “great flash”

It is a double star-a hypergiant ETA Carinae, located 7,500 light-years from Earth. In the early nineteenth century, its luster began to grow rapidly, and by 1843 it was the brightest object in the night sky, excluding the moon, the planets and Sirius. Astronomers call this event a “great flash”. However, now the star is on the verge of visibility to the naked eye. Recently, Hubble took a picture of it in the ultraviolet range. Blue color corresponds to the fluorescence of the atoms of magnesium. Red — discarded during the “great flash” substance, which is dominated by nitrogen.

Double hourglass

The southern crab nebula is located several thousand light-years from Earth in the constellation Centaurus. Its bizarre shape, resembling nested in each other hourglass created a double star system. One of the stars, an aging red giant, and the second white dwarf. The first loses its outer layers, whereby both stars are immersed in a disk of gas.

The star cluster

Globular cluster NGC 1466 is composed of stars bound by gravity. Star ball is slowly moving in space at the outskirts of the Large Magellanic Cloud — one of the closest to the milky Way galaxies. Blue glow emit stars with the most mass in a globular cluster.

The ghostly face

AM system 2026-424 is 700 million light-years from Earth. It was formed as a result of collision of two galaxies. Each “eye” on the Ghost’s face is the core of a galaxy. The contour of the face forming young stars, and the nose and mouth — the other star clusters. After 1-2 billion years, the galaxies will completely merge.

Galactic spiral

The galaxy NGC 3147 looks like a spiral staircase leading to the bright center. Stripe is a cluster of young stars, nebulae and dust. In the center of the exciting pattern is a black hole surrounded by a disk of stars, gas and dust captured by the gravitational whirlpool. Galaxy is located at a distance of 130 million light-years from Earth in the constellation of the Dragon.