Nobel prize-2017 in chemistry will receive Jacques Dubose, Joachim Frank, Richard Henderson. Wednesday, 4 October, the Nobel Committee officially announced the names of the winners.
Scientists were awarded the Nobel prize for the development cryoelectronic of high-resolution microscopy to determine structures of biomolecules in solution.
Cryoelectron microscopy allows to observe molecules, freezing them very quickly, protecting the natural structure.
According to the method of microscopy Dubose, Frank and Henderson is possible to study biomolecules, stopped in motion. It “expands the availability of General knowledge of chemical principles of life and opportunities in drug development”.
In 2013, scientists obtained three-dimensional images of biological samples at the microscopic level.
In 2016, the Nobel prize in chemistry was awarded to Jean-Pierre savage, Sir Fraser Stoddart and Bernard Feringa for the design and synthesis of molecular machines.
As you know, the Nobel week started in Stockholm on 2 October. On Monday, the Committee announced the names of Nobel laureates 2017 in physiology and medicine. They were Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael young. Scientists will receive the award for “discovery of the molecular mechanisms that control circadian rhythms”. We are talking about cyclical fluctuations of the intensity of various biological processes associated with the change of day and night.
On Tuesday, the Committee named the laureates of the Nobel prize in physics in 2017. They were Rainer Weiss, Barry K. Barysh and Kip S. Thorne for the detection of gravitational waves by the LIGO detector. The existence of gravitational waves 100 years ago, predicted albert Einstein, and only now people were able to detect them.
Nobel laureate for literature will be announced on 5 October. Peace prize laureate will be announced on 6 October. On 9 October the Nobel Committee awarded the prize of the Swedish national Bank for economic Sciences in memory of Alfred Nobel.
The ceremony of awarding the winners in 2017 will be held on December 9 in Stockholm.