The act of Connection of the Ukrainian national Republic and West Ukrainian people’s Republic was proclaimed on 22 January 1919 at Sofia square in Kiev.
“We want to unite all of Ukraine. But tell you frankly: do not go under your dictatorship. I’m afraid, gentlemen, that you still redeems the spirit of Imperial centralism, – said at the talks with representatives of the Directories in Kiev January 20, 1919, the Secretary of state for foreign Affairs of the West Ukrainian people’s Republic Longinus Tsegelsky. We have the state and its army. Want good Federation, we are ready. And want to take us on the principle of “PA this beat” – try it! So instead of wasting time on pointless chatter and party strife, let’s happily finish what we started so well in to brag.
About the unification of all Ukrainian lands begin to speak the year before the diplomats of the Ukrainian people’s Republic in the city of Brest is now the regional center of Belarus. Here sign the first peace Treaty of the First world war. The delegation from Kiev requires recognition of the UPR, and acts on behalf of other Ukrainian territories that were still part of Austria-Hungary.
“Our conditions are simple. Crave accession to the Ukraine – Holm, Podlasie and plebiscite in Eastern Galicia, Northern Bukovina and the Transcarpathian Ukraine”, – they act, but was refused.
The unification of the Ukrainian lands becoming real after the collapse of Austria-Hungary in October 1918. Ukrainians in Lviv, proclaimed the establishment of their own state. Then part of the Galician politicians explicitly requires Association with UNR.
The preliminary merger agreement signed on 1 December 1918 in Fastiv. Then in Kiev confirmed the Autonomous status of ZUNR – Western region of the UPR. Hurriedly preparing for the Act Connections. From the North and East come the Bolsheviks and the Directory feels insecure. In Western Ukraine the situation is too complicated. The fight for Galicia from the poles.
“In the morning the city took a solemn look. The house removed national flags and transparent, balkanah the hanging carpets and paintings from prominent Ukrainian figures, writes about Kyiv on 22 January 1919 the Ukrainian Telegraph Agency. – Especially good udekorowane house on St. Sophia square and the surrounding streets. Between different building, which houses the Central office of the Telegraph and the building of the Kiev Zemstvo gubernialna. On their balconies is a portrait and bust of Shevchenko, the national removed ribbons and flags. The triumphal arch at the entrance is from Vladimirskaya street to St. Sofia’s square removed from the top and sides with ancient coats of arms of Ukraine and Galicia. Throughout the area the poles were nailed, different arms of the Ukrainian provinces and posters”.
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The event starts at 12.00 with cannon firing and Church bells.
“The original it was a painting: the Galician side – mainly peasants at their local stuff, mostly older, some already grey-haired, – recalled the witness. – Side pridniprov themselves intellectuals, relatively young. On the one hand, politically Mature people of different classes of people. On the other – revolutionary, a young, politically green intelligentsia, without the people”.
Representatives of the ZUNR and UNR read the Declaration of Association, and the four sides of the square, with promotions, special “announcers” repeat loudly the people the contents of the document:
“Now merge together for centuries separated from each other parts of a single Ukraine – Zakhidnoukrainska national Republic (Galicia, Bukovina; Hungarian Rus) and Dnieper Ukraine. Realized everlasting dreams that have lived and who died best sons of Ukraine. From now on, there is a single independent Ukrainian people’s Republic.”
The celebration ends with a military parade. The next day, an Act of Connection argues Labour Congress.
January 21, 1990 hosted one of the largest in Central and Eastern Europe of mass actions – a “human chain” as a symbol of unity of the Eastern and Western lands of Ukraine and respects the events of the Ukrainian revolution.
“The action we have organized together with his brother Michael Harinam – says dissident and former political prisoner Bohdan Horyn. – The idea came after the “link chain”, which was held in the Baltic republics: Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, which showed the Soviet regime their unity. In addition, in September 1989, at my initiative, we organized a “chain of sorrow” in Lviv, to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Soviet invasion of Galicia”.