Ukraine lost the gas contract with Russia in 2009 at least 32 billion dollars, which is 61 thousand hryvnias for every Ukrainian family. In addition, such agreements with the Kremlin have become one of the prerequisites of further occupation.
This statement was made by the Chairman of the Board of “Naftogaz” Andrey Kobelev during a briefing in Kiev.
“Ukraine has actually become dependent on political discounts. We all remember the political negotiations. And the contract for the purchase of gas was one of the elements or of the main tools with which the Russian Federation is actively and rather successfully pressured Ukraine“, – he said.
As stressed by the head of “Naftogaz” gas contract with Russia from 2009 cost Ukraine’s irrecoverable losses of $ 32 billion.
“This figure is the sum of overpayments and penalties. And in terms every Ukrainian family it is approximately 61 thousand hryvnia, “–said KOBOLEV.
According to him, the losses could be even greater, however, thanks to the victory in the Stockholm arbitration court “failed to save to 94.7 billion, or 177 thousand UAH per family”.
Is too high the underlying contract price of 450 dollars per 1,000 cubic meters in the market at that time prices in Germany to $ 360 made Ukraine a hostage to political discounts from Russia. Eventually this led to the Kharkiv agreements of 2010 on extending the lease of the black sea fleet base and discount Dec 2013 in exchange for the rejection of European integration,
– said Kobolyev, and added that these discounts have become the premise of further occupation.
He also said that similarly, Russia used gas for political pressure in relations with Belarus, Georgia, Armenia and Moldova.
What is known about the gas contracts of 2009 between Ukraine and Russia?At the end of 2008 there was another Russian-Ukrainian gas war. In particular, after returning as Prime Minister in 2007, Yulia Tymoshenko tried to remove from the gas market of Ukraine “RosUkrEnergo” (company for resale of natural gas in Ukraine and Eastern and Central Europe), which from 2004 to 2009 was the intermediary for gas supplies to Ukraine and Europe. 2 Oct 2008 the Prime Ministers of Russia and Ukraine Vladimir Putin and Yulia Tymoshenko respectively, signed a Memorandum providing for the elimination of intermediaries in the gas trade between the two countries. He also determined in detail the terms of future contracts on gas supplies to Ukraine in the coming years.
In December 2008 the situation in the gas sector has flared up again. The fact that Moscow is the ultimate start to demand repayment of the debt that took the company “RosUkrEnergo” before the Russian side – $ 2.4 billion for the gas supplied in 2008 (in particular, “RosUkrEnergo” has not paid over 11 billion cubic meters of gas was pumped into storage Ukraine).
In the end, under threat of not signing was a contract on gas supplies to Ukraine for 2009 – its demand for gas prices advanced as Ukraine, and Russia. And from 9:00 a.m. on 1 January 2009 Gazprom fully stopped gas supplies to Ukraine. At the same time from 1 to 18 January, there was a significant reduction of gas supplies to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, in Ukraine, district heating companies, worked to the limit and because of the cold weather there was a threat of collapse of the entire Ukrainian system utilities.
18 Jan 2009 the result is a five-hour talks between Prime Ministers Putin and Tymoshenko agreed to resume gas transportation to Ukraine and the EU. According to the new gas contracts, the base price for Russian natural gas for Ukraine amounted to USD 450 per 1,000 cubic meters, was enshrined the monopoly of Russia (“Gazprom”) for the supply of gas to Ukraine, as well as stipulated penalties for the Ukrainian side in the event of a shortage of Russian gas in the amount specified in the contract.
What is the Kharkiv agreement?This agreement between Kiev and Moscow on the question of stay of the black sea fleet on the territory of Ukraine. The document was signed on 21 April 2010 in Kharkiv, the then President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych and Russian leader Dmitry Medvedev. According to these agreements, the duration of stay of the black sea fleet in Sevastopol was extended from 2017 to 2042 with automatic renewal for 5 years, if either side did not Express objection. Furthermore, a rent for stay of the fleet – in particular, annual payments of $ 100 million, starting in 2017. As stated in the agreement, the term of the fleet increased in exchange for a reduction in price for Ukraine for Russian gas by applying the discounts in the form of cancellation of customs duties. The Kharkiv deal has caused quite a mixed reaction in the Ukrainian society. For example, most analysts regarded it as contrary to the Constitution of Ukraine.